Fauna & Flora

You will find some of the richest and rarest fauna and flora on the planet in Seychelles. Committed to conservation and avid protectors of the environment, the Seychellois are justifiably proud that their country houses two UNESCO World Heritage Sites: Aldabra, the world’s largest raised coral atoll and Praslin Island’s Vallée de Mai – once believed to be the original site of the Garden of Eden itself. The islands also boast six national marine parks.


The world’s smallest frog and heaviest land tortoise are both found in Seychelles, as well as some of the largest seabird colonies on the planet. The marine life around the islands is quite astounding, particularly on the more remote coral islands. Over 900 species of fish have been recorded in these parts, and thanks to bans on spear guns and dynamite for fishing in the 1960’s, these sea creatures are confident around snorklers and divers, which allows for magical underwater experiences.

  • The giant tortoises from Aldabra now populate many of the islands of Seychelles
  • Some of the largest seabird colonies in the world are found in Seychelles
  • Islands such as Bird, Aride, Cousin, Aldabra and Cosmoledo host many species of seabirds including the Sooty tern, Fairy tern, White-tailed tropic bird, Noddies and Frigatebirds
  • Marine turtle colonies on Cousin and Aldabra islands

The tropical climate and rich soils of Seychelles’ islands provide a verdant environment for all manner of plant-life, including the famous Coco-de-Mer, a very rare type of coconut found only on the islands of Praslin and Curieuse. Also known as the ‘Love Nut’ due to its rather suggestive shape, this is also the world’s largest seed.

  • Seychelles boasts over 700 species of plants, 81 of which are endemic
  • Important species include: casuarinas, albizzies, mangroves, takamakas, baobabs, citrus plants, pitcher plant, and the very rare bois meduse
  • Certain species were introduced in the 1700s, including: vanilla, black pepper, cardamom, bougainvillea and nutmeg
  • Fruits that flourish in Seychelles include mangoes, papayas, pineapple, jamalac, guava, bananas and bread fruit